Perhaps, the Tangsa is one of the most complex tribes of Arunachal Pradesh, having several sub-tribes. The Census of India 2001 returned as many as 27 tribes bearing the Tangsa name. So according to the Registrar General of India, there are 27 tribes within the umbrella “Tangsa”. That is quite a long list of names.
Then I came across a simpler classification of tribes by a Tangsa author, Mr. H.K. Morang. According to him, there are five Tangsa clans. Each of these have further sub-divisions.
- Lung Chang
- Jungkuk Kato
The clan is further divided into two main sub-groups:
- Tailang includes Wangkang, Chharsa, Tangkhu, Mansang, Lungkhung, Hanglung and Mungkhom.
- Maiwang includes Chimai, Mimai, Taichu, Kamba, Taimak, Taidong, Jungchung and Taihu.
It seems that at the last categorization, people use them as surnames. There are marital restrictions. Marriage within the Tailang and Maiwan sub-clans are prohibited. But sub-clans of Tailang can marry from Maiwan and vice versa.
The sub-clans of Muklom includes Tangha, Rekhong, Wangrey, Khimhun, Matcha, Changmi, Yanchang, Tungkhang, Songkhu, Bowa, Techi, Ngemu and Tekhil.
Sub-clans of Lungchang are Taizu, Zongsam, Kenglang, Mamai, Taidong, Khomrang, Haisa.
Pangwa Clans and Sub-Clans
Under Pangwa clans there are 31 listed: Mungray (Morang), Mossang, Longphi, Chamchang (Kimsing), Sankey, Cholin (Tonglim), Longri, Jowglai (Jugly), Sangwal,, Ngaimong (Ngemu), Hahcheng, Raira (Rongrang), Bongtai, Hallang, Khailah, Khaichier (Khahchar), Kochong, Shohra, Tangkhu, Lahki, Michhi, Dungi, Rasa, Rasi, Sangti, Lochhang, Gaji, Gaja, Tsangfu (Dangku), Gahman, Gahkhi. There are further what the author called “Post Sub-Clans” under each of the sub-clans.
Jungkuk Kato Clans
No details given.
Source: Morang, H.K. 2008. Tangsar Aaina. Namchik Society for Eco-Tourism and Wildlife Conservation, Jairampur. Changlang District, Arunachal Pradesh.